The name ‘Jorashanko’ came into being from the fact that it was named after the twin temples of Lord Shiva located near the Red Home of Modern Reformation.
Jorasanko Thakurbari or the Palace of Tagore is one of the architectural splendour in Central Kolkata. This zamindar abode came into the focus during Bengali Renaissance. It was the House of Prince Dwarakanath Tagore. It is the red house of Girish Park on Chittaranjan Avenue.
Also known as the ancestral house of Rabindranath Tagore is now a museum and the centre of Oriental and Foreign Learning. Jorasanko Thakur bari is dedicated to the life and works of the Nobel Laureate of Global Literature.
Jorasanko Thakur Bari was built in the year 1785 and it is spread over 35000 square meters. Today the building houses Rabindra Bharati University, inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru on Tagore’s birth centenary, 8 May 1962.
Within the complex of Jorasanko Thakurbari is Maharishi Bhavan, named after the poet’s father, Maharishi Debendranath Tagore, where, as the plaque outside reads, “Rabindranath was born breathed his last here.” Today this abode is a museum that has three galleries dedicated to Tagore, members of his family and the Bengal Renaissance. These galleries afford glimpses of intimate family photographs, live size portraits and Rabindranath Tagore’s evolution as a poet-philosopher and social reformer.
From the inception, the Tagore family lived in Kolkata. This family has produced stalwarts in the world of art and literature. The greatest among them was Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore-The poet of all the poets. He was greatness personified in the field of art and literature, science and social reformation.
The museum of Jorasanko Thakurbari has also preserved works of other eminent members of this illustrious family like Maharshi Devendranath Tagore, Jyotirindranath Tagore, Abanindranath Tagore and Dinendranath Tagore. It has also preserved the clippings of Tagore and a number of pictures and paintings of him and the entire family. The gifts received by him on different occasions are also present in the Rabindra Bharati Museum and this museum is dedicated for public.
The museum of Jorasanko Thakurbari also has a section that stores two centenaries old musical records. Jorasanko Thakurbari also includes possessions and information of the other great personalities of the 19th and 20th Century, who excelled in the field of Bengali and English Literature.
You can see the forty original paintings of Rabindranath Tagore acquired from Rathindranath Tagore, the son of Kavi Guru by the West Bengal Government including a lot of photographs that came as a permanent loan from the National Library. The Museum is now an integral part of the Rabindra Bharati University.